Oil and Chemical Spills

Mahad S. Baawain, Jamal N. Al-Sabahi, Malik M. Al-Wardy, Ahmed Sana, Prerana Chitrakar, Abdullah H. Al-Yaqoob

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

4 Citations (SciVal)


Oil and chemical spills, which reach coastal and marine environments through different sources, pose serious environmental threat due to the nature of the associated persistent contaminants. Millions of tons of oil and chemical spills have been released to the marine environment accidentally or intentionally. Consequently, huge environmental impacts have been recognized and studied by different researchers. This article tries to provide some cases of oil and chemical spills in the Middle East and other areas around the world. It tries to illustrate the negative effects of hydrocarbons and heavy metals, in intertidal and subtidal zones, on the marine environment and biota. Hence, it provides incentives for the adaptation of safe measures to reduce the threat of marine oil and chemical pollution. New procedures and equipment in oil exploration and transportation must be applied to ensure less occurrence of pollution. Treatment plants should be constructed to deal with ballast water near loading stations. Moreover, countries and concerned authorities must continue to update the environmental issues and records by setting strict laws and encourage and support environmental research and development.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Environmental Health, Volume 1-5
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9780444522733
ISBN (Print)9780444522726
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2011


  • Biota
  • Chemical spills
  • Coastal
  • Environment
  • Heavy metals
  • Hydrocarbons
  • Intertidal
  • Marine
  • Oil spills
  • Pollution
  • Sediments
  • Subtidal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Environmental Science


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