Lifestyle and Dietary Factors and Prostate Cancer Risk: A Multicentre Case-Control Study

Mohammad Al Qadire*, Murad Alkhalaileh, Mohammed ALBashtawy

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


This study aims to explore the association between fruit and vegetable intake, high fat, body mass index (BMI) score, physical activity, and the occurrence of prostate cancer among Jordanian men. A case-control study was conducted in three large referral hospitals. The sample included 165 prostate cancer patients in the case group and 177 healthy participants in the control group. The results showed that smoking (odds ratio [OR] = 0.32; 95% confidence interval [CI] = [0.18, 0.57]), a history of prostate infection (OR = 0.21; 95% CI = [0.11, 0.38]), high-fat intake (OR = 0.44; 95% CI = [0.23, 0.85]), and increased mean of BMI (OR = 1.08; 95% CI = [1.02, 1.13]) increased the likelihood of developing prostate cancer. Healthy diet and giving up smoking are recommended, as they may contribute to a reduction in the incidence of prostate cancer. More randomized clinical trials in this area are needed to strengthen the available evidence and reduce the effects of confounding variables.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)992-1008
Number of pages17
JournalClinical Nursing Research
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • adult
  • diet
  • Jordan
  • lifestyle
  • prostate neoplasm
  • risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)


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