Cross-validation of the 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale: Results from an Arabic multicenter study

Fares Zine El Abiddine, Hiten Dave, Said Aldhafri, Sofián El-Astal, Fairouz Hemaid, James D.A. Parker*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


The Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20) is a 20-item self-report scale assessing emotional and social competency impairments like difficulty identifying feelings (DIF), difficulty describing feelings (DDF) and externally-oriented thinking (EOT). Despite strong validity and predictive utility in North American and European samples, its validity in Non-Western cultures is still in need of verification. An Arabic version of the TAS-20 was given to a sample (n = 2221) of young adults from 3 Arabic-speaking countries (Algeria, Gaza and Oman), as well as English speaking young adults from Canada (n = 2220). Confirmatory factory analysis indicated good fit of the data from both samples, suggesting that the alexithymia construct can be extended to Arabic populations. The Arabic sample scored significantly higher on the total TAS-20 as well as all subscales and in total TAS-20 scores. This trend was consistent for both men and women and suggests important cultural differences exist in the communication of emotional information.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)219-222
Number of pages4
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Publication statusPublished - Jul 15 2017


  • Alexithymia
  • Arabic
  • TAS-20

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology


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