Capillarity and evaporation exacerbated seepage losses from unlined channels

Anvar R. Kacimov*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Steady, essentially two-dimensional, tension-saturated seepage from a flat-bottomed soil channel in an arid environment is studied analytically. Physically, the action of capillary spreading, evaporative drive to the atmosphere both from the near-channel banks and capillary fringe boundary, Darcian resistance of the matrix and gravity are juxtaposed and result in trifurcation of infiltrated water into deep percolation and semi-infinite evaporation "wings" with two hinge points on the soil surface and two dividing streamlines. Mathematically, free boundary problem is solved by conformal mappings and the Polubarinova-Kochina boundary-value problem method. The dependence of deep percolation losses and evaporative return flow on the channel width, conductivity, static capillary rise height, and intensity of evaporation is found.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)623-626
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2006


  • Channels
  • Evaporation
  • Porous media
  • Seepage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)


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