Steady, essentially two-dimensional, tension-saturated seepage from a flat-bottomed soil channel in an arid environment is studied analytically. Physically, the action of capillary spreading, evaporative drive to the atmosphere both from the near-channel banks and capillary fringe boundary, Darcian resistance of the matrix and gravity are juxtaposed and result in trifurcation of infiltrated water into deep percolation and semi-infinite evaporation "wings" with two hinge points on the soil surface and two dividing streamlines. Mathematically, free boundary problem is solved by conformal mappings and the Polubarinova-Kochina boundary-value problem method. The dependence of deep percolation losses and evaporative return flow on the channel width, conductivity, static capillary rise height, and intensity of evaporation is found.
|الصفحات (من إلى)||623-626|
|دورية||Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering|
|المعرِّفات الرقمية للأشياء|
|حالة النشر||Published - نوفمبر 2006|
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