Zinc nutrition in rice production systems: A review

Hafeez ur Rehman, Tariq Aziz*, Muhammad Farooq, Abdul Wakeel, Zed Rengel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

198 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Zinc (Zn) deficiency is one of the important abiotic factors limiting rice productivity worldwide and also a widespread nutritional disorder affecting human health. Given that rice is a staple for populations in many countries, studies of Zn dynamics and management in rice soils is of great importance. Scope: Changing climate is forcing the growers to switch from conventional rice transplanting in flooded soils to water-saving cultivation, including aerobic rice culture and alternate wetting and drying system. As soil properties are changed with altered soil and water management, which is likely to affect Zn solubility and plant availability and should be considered before Zn management in rice. In this review, we critically appraise the role of Zn in plant biology and its dynamics in soil and rice production systems. Strategies and options to improve Zn uptake and partitioning efficiency in rice by using agronomic, breeding and biotechnological tools are also discussed. Conclusions: Although soil application of inorganic Zn fertilizers is widely used, organic and chelated sources are better from economic and environmental perspectives. Use of other methods of Zn application (such as seed treatment, foliar application etc., in association with mycorrhizal fungi) may improve Zn-use efficiency in rice. Conventional breeding together with modern genomic and biotechnological tools may result in development of Zn-efficient rice genotypes that should be used in conjunction with judicious fertilization to optimize rice yield and grain Zn content.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)203-226
Number of pages24
JournalPlant and Soil
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Biofortification
  • Production systems
  • Rice
  • Seed priming
  • Soil fertilization
  • Zinc

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Soil Science
  • Plant Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Zinc nutrition in rice production systems: A review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this