Why do minority languages persist? The case of Circassian in Jordan

Hassan R. Abd-el-Jawad*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


Data-based analysis of the language situation among the Circassian ethnic minority group is presented in this paper. All internal, external, ethnopolitical, sociolinguistic and demographic factors influencing this situation are examined. It is argued that although most empirical evidence indicates a gradual process of ethnic language attrition and ultimate predictable loss at all levels, there are counter motivations that seem to curb this process. At a certain stage in the life of an ethnic group that has acquired some status and prestige, language may become only a symbol of distinction, identification and a carrier of heritage, without having a culture of its own or any pragmatic value; hence members like to talk about it expressing loyalty, but not necessarily to have it.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-74
Number of pages24
JournalInternational Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2006


  • Circassian
  • Cultural heritage
  • Distinctiveness
  • Ethnopolitics
  • Language maintenance
  • Survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language


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