Validation study of a wellbeing scale (SPANE) in the Arab Gulf region: A multicountry study

Saad Yaaqeib *, Louise Lambert, Stavros Hadjisolomou, Manal Al Fazari , Heyla Selim, Amber Haque

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)
11 Downloads (Pure)


The Scale of Positive and Negative Experience (SPANE) is an emerging wellbeing scale to measure the frequency of positive and negative emotions. This study explores the psychometric properties of SPANE on a sample from the Arab Gulf region. The Arab Gulf region shares cultural elements with the broader Muslim and Arab world, but maintains distinct features that warrants validation studies for psychological instruments. There were 1393 participants from Saudi Arabia, Oman, Kuwait and other Arab Gulf countries. The factorial structure of SPANE was examined using a principal axis factor analysis, followed up with a confirmatory factor analysis. The convergent validity was examined by correlating SPANE with the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS). The findings confirmed a two-factor structure of SPANE, and demonstrated adequate psychometric properties and convergent validity. In conclusion, this study indicates that SPANE shows sufficient validity for use as a measure of wellbeing in the Arab Gulf region.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPLoS One
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 16 2022


  • well-being
  • multicountry research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this