Use of recycled concrete aggregate in fly-ash concrete

Mukesh Limbachiya, Mohammed Seddik Meddah*, Youssef Ouchagour

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

421 Citations (Scopus)


Nowadays, environmentally friendly building is becoming a crucial issue in construction industry. The course towards sustainable concrete involves mainly minimizing the environmental impact of concrete production by substituting virgin mineral materials by recycled ones as well as reducing the global CO 2 emissions. The approach adopted here includes a large substitution of natural coarse aggregates (NA) by recycled concrete aggregates (RCA) obtained from crushed concrete debris, as well as the use of 30% fly ash (FA) as a partial substitute of Portland cement for FA concrete production. Previous study by the authors has revealed the potential of using coarse RCA to produce concrete with a similar 28-day design strength to that obtained when using natural aggregates. This paper discusses the effect of both partial and full replacement of natural coarse aggregates by coarse RCA in a fly ash concrete. Engineering properties and durability performance have been examined on both concrete types (Portland cement and fly ash) for mixes designed with various proportions of the RCA (0%, 30%, 50% and 100%) by mass. The results obtained showed that while embedding high amount of the RCA could lower the resistance to chloride penetration and carbonation of concrete still comparable design strength to that of the control mix might be achieved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)439-449
Number of pages11
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Carbonation
  • Drying shrinkage
  • Durability
  • Fly ash
  • Mechanical properties
  • Permeability
  • Portland cement
  • Recycled concrete aggregates
  • Sustainable concrete

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • General Materials Science


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