The properties of concrete made with fine dune sand

A. S. Al-Harthy*, M. Abdel Halim, R. Taha, K. S. Al-Jabri

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

143 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents the results of a study that investigated the properties of concrete made with dune sand. Different control concrete mixtures using ordinary Portland cement (OPC) with a minimum design compressive strength of 40 N/mm2 were prepared. The amount of fine aggregates constituted about 36% by weight of all the aggregates. The workability ranged from low of 16 mm to a high of 122 mm. For each control mix, other mixtures were prepared in which the fine aggregates were replaced by different percentages of dune sand ranging from 10% to 100%. The effect of dune sand on the workability, compressive strength, tensile strength, modulus of elasticity and initial surface absorption test (ISAT) was studied. Experimental results show an improvement in the workability of concrete when fine aggregates were partially replaced by dune sand. An increase in slump was measured with increase in dune sand content. However, at high dune sand contents (above 50%); the slump starts to decrease with an increase in dune sand. Generally, the strength values decrease with increase in dune sand replacement. The strength loss was not found considerable as the maximum reduction was less than 25% when fine aggregates were fully replaced by dune sand. The absorption characteristics of concrete made with OPC as measured by the (ISAT) generally increased with higher dune sand contents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1803-1808
Number of pages6
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2007


  • Absorption
  • Fineness
  • Grading
  • Strength
  • Workability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)


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