The Impact of the 2021 Cyclone Shaheen on the Mental Health of Affected Omanis

Mickael Antoine Joseph*, Jansirani Natarajan, Taif Khamis Al Farsi, Al Zahraa Mohammed Al Saifi, Wurood Khalifah Al Saidi, Omair Amur Al Jassassi, Hamed Mohammed Al Mukhaini

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Objectives: Nine strong cyclones have been recorded in Oman in the last 50 years, the last being tropical cyclone Shaheen in October 2021, in the northern Oman area. The aim of our study was to determine the relationship between property loss and the mental health of residents after cyclone Shaheen. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study among Omani citizens living in areas affected by cyclone Shaheen three to six months post-cyclone. In an online, self-reported questionnaire, we assessed the loss of participants’ properties due to the cyclone and the impact on their perceived mental health. Descriptive statistics, chi-square tests, and associations between demographics, loss of properties, and mental health were performed. Results: Of 440 participants, 79.3% had their houses directly damaged by the cyclone and 90.7% had their outside properties damaged. Most of the respondents reported that they suffered from mental health symptoms in the months following the cyclone. Women, people with a lower socioeconomic status, the unemployed, and those without a university degree were associated with poorer mental health outcomes. Mental health was significantly lower for respondents whose properties were mostly affected by the cyclone. Conclusions: With scant knowledge about how cyclones directly affect Omanis’ mental health, the results of this study are paramount for the planning of psychological care services to improve the country’s response to extreme weather events.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere483
Pages (from-to)e483
JournalOman Medical Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 31 2023


  • Cyclone
  • Mental Health
  • Oman

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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