The gravity model and trade flows: Recent developments in econometric modeling and empirical evidence

Mahfuz Kabir, Ruhul Salim*, Nasser Al-Mawali

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

89 Citations (Scopus)


The existing trade literature on the gravity model is extensive. This paper aims to present a survey of the current gravity model by taking stock of the existing knowledge on the major theoretical and empirical aspects of the gravity model in the context of trade flows. It also analyzes issues of panel data econometrics and identifies the critical areas of empirical methods and data. Attention has been paid to the more recent developments in the subject while discussing the estimation procedures applied in the literature. Finally, the paper suggests several directions for future studies and provides guideposts for policy makers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-71
Number of pages12
JournalEconomic Analysis and Policy
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2017


  • Distance
  • Gravity equation
  • Panel data
  • Trade flow
  • Trade potential

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

Cite this