The Egyptian validation study of the resilience scale for adults (RSA) and its utility in predicting depression

Mustafa A. Khalaf*, Taghreed T. Al-Said

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Aims: The present study aims at validating the RSA and examining its incremental validity as a predictor of depression as measured by Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Methods: 150 healthy participants completed the RSA, Sense of Coherence Scale (SOC), and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). After ensuring the psychometric properties of the RSA, SOC, and BDI, 220 Egyptian students were recruited from Minia University to fill in the RSA and BDI in order to assess the potential capacity of the RSA to predict depression. Results: Confirmatory factor analysis indicated that the 5-factor structure model fitted well and the goodness of fit indices were within the acceptable limits. Construct validity was shown by a positive correlation between the RSA and the SOC, and a negative correlation with the BDI. The RSA and its subscales significantly predicted the BDI even when accounting for age and gender. Conclusion: The RSA is a valid and reliable instrument for measuring resilience in the Egyptian sample and it could be useful for measurement and intervention. The findings highlight the incremental validity of the RSA as a good predictor of depression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-92
Number of pages10
JournalOpen Psychology Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Beck depression inventory
  • Depression
  • Egyptian students
  • Prediction
  • Resilience
  • Resilience scale for adults
  • Sense of coherence
  • Validation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology


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