The effect of trade and institutions on pollution in the Arab countries

Azmat Gani*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effects of trade and institutional quality on pollution in the Arab countries. Design/methodology/approach: The analysis is based in fixed estimation procedure. It utilises cross-country data for 13 Arab countries into a reduced form equation. Findings: The empirical findings provide strong evidence that across the Arab countries, trade, industrial activity and income have a positive effect on pollution. The test of the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) is found to be negative, providing strong support for the EKC hypothesis. The results also provide strong evidence that regulatory quality has a significant negative effect on pollution. Originality/value: This paper makes a new contribution on the effect of trade and institutional quality on emission levels in the Arab countries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)154-168
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of International Trade Law and Policy
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2013


  • Arab countries
  • Global warming
  • Income
  • Industrial air pollutants
  • Industrial water pollutants
  • Pollution
  • Regulatory quality
  • Trade

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Industrial relations
  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)
  • Political Science and International Relations
  • Law


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