The Effect of Annealing on Phase Stability and Magnetic Properties of Hexaferrite BaFe12 O 19

A. Jaafar, A. Almisaeed, T. Souier, M. Bououdina*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The hexaferrite BaFe12O19 phase was synthesized through the mechanical alloying process followed by subsequent annealing. Rietveld refinements of as-milled powder annealed at 700 C confirm the formation of the BaFe12O19 phase with the presence of an important amount of the α-Fe2O3 phase. Thus, prior mechanical milling shows much lower reaction temperature and less reaction time compared to conventional methods. Further annealing up to 900 and 1100 C could not enable the formation of a single BaFe12O19 phase, reaching an optimum phase composition ratio close to BaFe12O19/ α-Fe2O3 70/30. The crystallite size was found to be in the nanoscale level but increases with increasing temperature (BaFe12O19 = 20–62 nm; α-Fe2O3 = 31–74 nm). SEM micrographs show that as the annealing temperature rises, the particles become more regular with sharp edges and hexagonal-like shapes. Magnetic measurements reveal that both Ms and Mr increase with annealing temperature to reach maximum values at 900 C then remain unchanged, associated with phase composition. The coercivity Hc increases upon annealing up to 700 C to a much higher value, from 1.7 kOe for as-milled powder to 4.8 kOe. Its value then decreases, attributed to grain (particle) growth (formation of larger particles) due to high annealing temperatures: 900–1100 C. The obtained composites show very interesting magnetic properties and can be considered for potential applications, such as hyperthermia, heavy metal and dye removal, and hard/soft magnetic composites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2821-2827
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2016


  • Magnetic properties
  • Mechanical alloying
  • SEM
  • XRD

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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