The cascade of HIV care in Oman, 2015–2018: A population-based study from the Middle East

Ali Elgalib*, Samir Shah, Zeyana Al-Habsi, Maha Al-Fouri, Richard Lau, Hanan Al-Kindi, Bader Al-Rawahi, Seif Al-Abri

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: To evaluate the cascade of HIV care in Oman in 2018 and the longitudinal change in each step from 2015 to 2018. Methods: Population-based data on all diagnosed people living with HIV reported to the National AIDS Programme in 1984–2018 were used. Results: As of December 31, 2018, the estimated number of people living with HIV in Oman was 3030; 1532 (50.6%) were aware of their infection. Of the diagnosed patients, 95.9% were linked to care, 85.8% were retained in care, and 84.3% were on ART. The proportions of patients with viral suppression out of all people with HIV, the diagnosed persons, and those on ART were 37.3%, 73.7%, and 87.5%, respectively. The proportion of patients linked to care increased from 72.6% in 2015 to 95.6% in 2018 (p < 0.001). Only 57% (947/1661) were retained in care in 2015, which increased to 76.9% (1193/1552) in 2017 and 85.8% (1314/1532) in 2018 (p < 0.001). Viral suppression increased from 75.7% (672/888) in 2015 to 84.5% (859/1017) in 2016 and 87.5% (1129/1291) in 2018 (p < 0.001). Conclusions: A sustained improvement in linkage to care, retention in care, ART coverage, and viral suppression was observed amongst people living with HIV in Oman in 2015–2018.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28-34
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Infectious Diseases
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020


  • Cascade of care
  • Middle East
  • Oman
  • Viral suppression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases


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