Teachers' Cloud-Based Learning Designs: The Development of a Guiding Rubric Using the TPACK Framework

Aisha Salim Ali Al-Harthi*, Chris Campbell, Arafeh Karimi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


This study aimed to develop, validate, and trial a rubric for evaluating the cloud-based learning designs (CBLD) that were developed by teachers using virtual learning environments. The rubric was developed using the technological pedagogical content knowledge (TPACK) framework, with rubric development including content and expert validation of its items and levels. The rubric was revised based on various types of input including content validity and expert review. After many iterations of rubric implementation using two raters, the final version of the rubric was found to be reliable with high and substantial inter-rater reliability. This study provides a methodological contribution by developing and validating a rubric for teachers' cloud-based learning designs. It also provides a useful tool for evaluating the quality of teachers' CBLD, and assessing training needs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)134-151
Number of pages18
JournalComputers in the Schools
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 3 2018


  • K-12 online education
  • K-12 teachers
  • cloud
  • learning designs
  • rubric
  • virtual learning environments (VLE)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science
  • Education
  • Library and Information Sciences


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