Synthesis, structure, morphology, magnetism, and magnetocaloric-effect studies of La0.7Sr0.3Mn1−xFexO3 perovskite nanoparticles

Turkiya M. Al-Shahumi*, Imaddin A. Al-Omari, Salim H. Al-Harthi, Myo Tay Zar Myint, Parashu Kharel, Suvechhya Lamichhane, Sy Hwang Liou

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Single-phase La0.7Sr0.3Mn1−xFexO3 (x = 0.0, 0.04, 0.08, 0.12, 0.16, 0.20, 0.24, and 0.30) perovskites were synthesized by the sol-gel method followed by sintering at 800 °C for 5 h. The XRD showed the rhombohedral structure with the R-3c space group and there was a slight change in the lattice parameters as well as the unit cell volume of the compounds with Fe doping. The average particle size of the samples was in the range of 43–70 nm. All samples show a ferromagnetic to paramagnetic second-order magnetic phase transition at TC and TC decreases linearly from 370 K for x = 0 to 98 K for x = 0.3. From the XPS measurement, it was found that the oxidation state of Fe and La are + 3 and the Mn has a mixed valence state of Mn4+/Mn3+. The saturation magnetization and the blocking temperature were suppressed by the Fe substitution while (-ΔSM)max was found to decrease as Fe content increased. The sample with x = 0.08 has a Curie temperature of 297 K, the highest relative cooling power (RCP) of 153 J/kg, and (-ΔSM)max value of 1.46 J/kg.K at µoΔH = 2.8 T. The La0.7Sr0.3Mn1−xFexO3 iron-substituted manganites may be regarded as a prospective candidate for room-temperature magnetic refrigeration applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number170454
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Publication statusPublished - Oct 5 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • Magnetic entropy change
  • Magnetic nanoparticles
  • Magnetic refrigeration
  • Perovskite nanoparticles
  • Relative cooling power

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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