Synthesis, structure, morphology, magnetism, and magnetocaloric-effect studies of (La1−xPrx)0.7Sr0.3MnO3 nanocrystalline perovskites

Turkiya M. Al-Shahumi*, Imaddin A. Al-Omari*, Salim H. Al-Harthi, Myo Tay Zar Myint

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Single-Phase (La1–xPrx)0.7Sr0.3MnO3 (x = 0.0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8, and 1.0) perovskites were synthesized by the sol–gel method followed by sintering at 700 °C for 5 h. Samples with x = 0.0–0.4 are found to crystallize into rhombohedral structure (R-3c space group) while the ones with x = 0.6–1.0 crystallize into orthorhombic structure (Pbnm space group). The average particle size of the samples was in the range of 21–44 nm. All samples exhibit a ferromagnetic to paramagnetic second-order magnetic phase transition at Curie temperature, which is found to decrease linearly with increasing the Pr concentration. The magnetic coercivity was found to be small (~ 10 Oe) for all the samples, at T < TC. The experimental effective paramagnetic moment (µeff) is found to increase with increasing x from 3.99 µB (x = 0.0) to 5.05 µB (x = 1.0). The magnitude of the maximum magnetic entropy change (−ΔSM)max. and the relative cooling power (RCP) for the samples having orthorhombic structure increases as x increases reaching a maximum value of 4.67 J/kg.K and 574 J/kg at ΔµoH = 9 T for x = 1.0. While the ones with the rhombohedral structure have the maximum values of (−ΔSM)max. and RCP of 4.63 J/kg.K and 472 J/kg at ΔµoH = 9 T are for x = 0.2. The large values of (−ΔSM)max. and RCP (at room temperature (RT)) and the wider temperature range of −ΔSM for the sample with x = 0.6 suggests that this compound may be considered as magnetic refrigerant material at RT, and the other compounds can be candidates in the vicinity of RT.
Original languageEnglish
Article number121
JournalSN Applied Sciences
Volume5
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 29 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Magnetic entropy change
  • Magnetic nanoparticles
  • Magnetic refrigeration
  • Perovskite nanoparticles
  • Relative cooling power

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Materials Science
  • General Environmental Science
  • General Engineering
  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences

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