Sol concentration effect on ZnO nanofibers photocatalytic activity synthesized by sol-gel dip coating method

M. Toubane, R. Tala-Ighil, F. Bensouici, M. Bououdina, M. Souier, S. Liu, W. Cai, A. Iratni

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13 Citations (Scopus)


ZnO thin films were deposited onto glass substrate by sol-gel dip coating method. The initial sol concentrations were varied from 0.2 to 0.5 M. Zinc acetate dihydrate, ethanol and Diethanolamine (DEA) were used as staring material, solvent and stabilizer respectively. The evolution of structural, optical properties and methylene blue (MB) photodegradation of the as-deposited films on sol concentration was investigated. Rietveld refinements of x-ray patterns reveal that all the as-prepared thin films have a Zincite-type structure with grain orientation along to c-axis. The strongest sol concentration is favorable for the highest crystallization quality. However, the high preferred orientation factor (POF) occurs for 0.3 M sol concentration. The field emission scanning electron microscopy observations reveals nanofibrous morphology with different lengths. The nanofibers density increases with increasing sols concentrations until forming a flower-like morphology. The EDS analysis confirms the high purity of the as-deposited ZnO films. It is found that all films present good transparency greater than 95% in the visible range; the optical band gap is slightly reduced with the increase in sol concentration. The photocatalytic degradation is enhanced by 90% with the sol concentration. The Kapp rate reaction increased with increasing sol concentration. The films stability is found to slightly decrease after the third cycle, especially for 0.5 M sol concentration.

Original languageEnglish
Article number035023
JournalMaterials Research Express
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2017


  • AFM
  • Dip coating
  • Photocatalysis
  • Sol concentration
  • ZnO nanofibers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys


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