Sensitivity of hypersaline Arabian Gulf to seawater desalination plants

Ronald Smith*, Anton Purnama, H. H. Al-Barwani

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Citations (Scopus)


Due to the hot, arid nature of its bordering lands, seawater in the Arabian Gulf can have significant evaporation rates leading to hypersaline conditions. If additional desalination plants were to operate along its coast, then the extraction of desalinated water and returned brine waste stream into the Gulf would increase the salinity. This paper uses a tidally and cross-sectionally averaged mathematical model that reveals multiplicative dependence of the salinity on factors associated with river flow, evaporation rates and each of the desalination plants. Present-day desalinated water production rates are in the linear regime, but hypersalinity has exponential sensitivity to the position and volumetric rate of desalinated water extraction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2347-2354
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Mathematical Modelling
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2007


  • Arabian Gulf
  • Hypersaline
  • Seawater desalination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Applied Mathematics


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