Sensitivity Analysis and Modeling for DEM Errors.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The Digital Elevation Model (DEM) can be created using airborne Light Detection And Ranging (LIDAR), Image or Synthetic-Aperture Radar (SAR) mapping techniques. The direct georeferencing of the DEM model is conducted using a GPS/inertial navigation system. The airborne mapping system datasets are processed to create a DEM model. To develop an accurate DEM model, all errors should be considered in the processing step. In this research, the errors associated with DEM models are investigated and modeled using Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and the least squares method. The sensitivity analysis of the DEM errors is investigated using PCA to define the significant GPS/inertial navigation data components that are strongly correlated with DEM errors. Then, the least squares method is employed to create a functional relationship between the DEM errors and the significant GPS/inertial navigation data components. The DEM model errors associated with airborne mapping system datasets are investigated in this research. The results show that the combined PCA analysis and least squares method can be used as a powerful tool to compensate the DEM error due to the GPS/inertial navigation data with about 27% in average for DEM errors produced by the direct georeferenced airborne mapping system.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTime Series Analysis - New Insights
EditorsRifaat Abdalla, Mohammed El-Diasty, Andrey Kostogryzov, Nikolay Makhutov
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-80356-307-7
ISBN (Print)978-1-80356-305-3
Publication statusPublished - Jan 18 2023

Publication series

NameTime Series Analysis - New Insights

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