Seismic monitoring and high-frequency noise using arrays in the Arabian Peninsula

Moira L. Pyle*, Rengin Gök, Abdullah Al-Amri, Issa El-Hussain, Yasir Al-Rawahi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Seismic arrays provide useful tools for regional seismic monitoring. Two small-aperture, regionally-oriented arrays, QWAR and HQAR, were deployed in Saudi Arabia and Oman in 2012 and 2016. We utilize a time-domain beampacking method, similar to frequency-wavenumber analysis, to examine the performance of the arrays in terms of slowness and azimuthal bias and event detection capabilities. Additionally, we investigate persistent ambient noise sources recorded by the arrays. We find that the arrays provide slowness vectors with biases comparable with similar-sized arrays of the International Monitoring System in other locations around the world. At QWAR, regional events of magnitude 3.0 and above are detected a majority of the time, and as magnitudes increase to 4.0 and above, the detection rate is greater than 82%. Strong noise generation, primarily with slownesses characteristic of Lg waves, is found in the directions of the northern Arabian/Persian Gulf and southern Red Sea and may be a factor in event detection capabilities.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1030
JournalArabian Journal of Geosciences
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2020


  • Array analysis
  • Beamforming
  • Event detection
  • Seismic noise

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Environmental Science
  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


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