Sanctions and second home tourism: the experience of rural areas in Shemiranat, Iran

Zabih allah Torabi*, C. Michael Hall, Zaheer Allam, Zahed Ghaderi, Ayyob Sharifi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


This study explores the impact of sanctions on the development of second home tourism in the context of a rentier state. The subject was examined with special reference to rural regions of Shemiranat County in Tehran, Iran, where second homes have developed over the past four decades. The results indicating that devaluation of the national currency, caused by the sanctions, led to turmoil in the second home market of Shemiranat. This, in turn, resulted in the development of unique and complicated relationships. Sanctions, coupled with the institutional inefficiency of the rentier state, including heavy dependence on oil-based revenues, legal loopholes, and the absence of efficient executive and supervisory institutions, have exacerbated speculation and expanded informal economies and corruption in the second home market.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Policy Research in Tourism, Leisure and Events
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Iran
  • Sanctions
  • corruption
  • rentier state
  • second home tourism
  • speculation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management


Dive into the research topics of 'Sanctions and second home tourism: the experience of rural areas in Shemiranat, Iran'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this