Salinity induced changes in vegetative and reproductive growth in tomato

S. M.E. Satti*, M. Lopez, Fahad A. Al-Said

*Corresponding author for this work

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Vegetative and reproductive growth were studied in five tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill) cultivars under saline conditions imposed at the five-leaf stage by addition of 50 mM NaCl to half strength Hoagland nutrient solution. The plants were raised in pots filled with washed quartz sand kept in a greenhouse. Stem height and number of leaves in tomato plants were significantly reduced when irrigated with saline regimes in contrast with control plants that received only the Hoagland solution. The highest number of flowers were obtained in the cultivar Pearson and the least in cultivar Strain B. Fruit set and yield were little affected by varietal differences and were not related to vegetative growth. Fruit weight was suppressed with NaCl stress, but improvement in weight was achieved when potassium (K) and calcium (Ca) were added to the saline water. The most detrimental effect of NaCl stress was the reduction of biomass yield in tomatoes. However, the relative dry weights of Pearson and Monte Carlo were increased to 60% and 54%, respectively, when NaCl was supplemented with Ca. Large varietal differences in biomass occurred among the NaCl-treated and control plants. Tomato fruit quality (TSS) was improved by salinization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)501-510
Number of pages10
JournalCommunications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis
Issue number5-6
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Soil Science

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