Robust decentralized tracking voltage control for islanded microgrids by invariant ellipsoids

Hisham M. Soliman, Ehab Bayoumi, Amer Al-Hinai*, Mostafa Soliman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


This manuscript presents a robust tracking (servomechanism) controller for linear time-invariant (LTI) islanded (autonomous, isolated) microgrid voltage control. The studied microgrid (MG) consists of many distributed energy resources (DERs) units, each using a voltage-sourced converter (VSC) for the interface. The optimal tracker design uses the ellipsoidal approximation to the invariant sets. The MG system is decomposed into different subsystems (DERs). Each subsystem is affected by the rest of the system that is considered as a disturbance to be rejected by the controller. The proposed tracker (state feedback integral control) rejects bounded external disturbances by minimizing the invariant ellipsoids of the MG dynamics. A condition to design decentralized controllers is derived in the form of linear matrix inequalities. The proposed controller is characterized by rapid transient response, and zero error in the steady state. A robustness analysis of the control strategy (against load changes, load unbalances, etc.) is carried out. A MATLAB/SimPowerSystems (R2017b, MathWorks, Natick, MA, USA) simulation of the case study confirm the robustness of the proposed controller.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5756
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2020


  • Decentralized control
  • Invariant set
  • Islanded mode
  • Microgrid
  • Robust tracking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Control and Optimization
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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