Renewable energy sources and unemployment rate: Evidence from the US states: Evidence from the US states

Behnaz Saboori*, Hassan F. Gholipour, Ehsan Rasoulinezhad, Omid Ranjbar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Citations (Scopus)


This study evaluates the effect of renewable, non-renewable energy consumption and economic growth on unemployment rate across 51 US states over the period 1977–2017. We applied a fixed effect model and a Seemingly Unrelated Regression Equations (SURE) model, which allows for an unknown form of cross-sectional dependence and slope heterogeneity. While the results of the fixed effects model indicate the negative and positive effects of non-renewable and renewable energy consumption on the unemployment rate, respectively, mixed results were received by employing SURE model at the state level. By allowing for slope heterogeneity, the results of the SURE model confirm that the non-renewable and renewable energy consumption only have job-creating effects in 19 and 6 out of 51 states, respectively. The renewable energy consumption has pro-unemployment effect in 20 states.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113155
Pages (from-to)113155
JournalEnergy Policy
Publication statusPublished - Sept 1 2022


  • Non-renewable energy
  • Renewable energy
  • Seemingly unrelated regression equations model
  • Unemployment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Energy
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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