Regression-based CVN-KIC Models for hot work tool steels

S. Z. Qamar*, A. K. Sheikh, A. F.M. Arif, T. Pervez

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


Dies and tools used in hot metal forming (extrusion, forging, rolling, etc.) are exposed to high pressures, elevated temperatures, and thermo-mechanical fatigue. The most common mode of in-service die failure is fatigue fracture (brittle failure through crack propagation). Reliable determination of fracture toughness of the die material is thus critically important. However, as die steels have a combination of high-hardness and high-strength, and are used at elevated temperatures, standard plane-strain fracture toughness (KIC) testing methods become impracticable. Alternate testing procedures such as the Charpy impact energy (CVN), together with empirical/semi-empirical correlations of KIC to other data, are then more viable and economical. Experimental data (values of KIC, CVN, and HRC) of H13 steels have been collected through an exhaustive literature search. This data set has been augmented through in-house experimentation: samples variously heat treated (different tempering temperatures and times, and both air-cooling and oil-quenching), and tested at different working temperatures. Linear and quadratic models are proposed for determination of fracture toughness, based on experimental (in-house) and published values of Charpy impact energy (CVN) and Rockwell hardness (HRC), both at room and at elevated temperatures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)208-215
Number of pages8
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering: A
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Aug 25 2006


  • CVN-K correlation
  • Charpy impact energy
  • Fracture toughness
  • Metal forming
  • Tool steels (H13)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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