Background: Ameloblastoma is the commonest odontogenic tumour of epithelial origin with a high incidence for developing local recurrence. We present a patient who developed local recurrence in both soft tissue and bone graft 17 years after the initial presentation. Case presentation: A 75-year-old female with a previous history of right hemimandibulectomy and rib reconstruction for ameloblastoma in 1999 presented to our centre with a large cystic mouth floor swelling, biopsy from which revealed recurrent ameloblastoma. The patient underwent excision of the recurrent mass en bloc with the cystic swelling through oral and cervical approaches. The patient was discharged after 5 days with an uneventful postoperative course and with a free 2-year follow-up from further recurrence. Conclusion: Ameloblastoma is a locally aggressive tumour for which wide local excision with adequate margins is the best management approach. Recurrence of ameloblastoma even after adequate resection is not uncommon, and its management is considered a surgical challenge. A very long time may pass between the initial presentation and the development of recurrence.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research