Readiness of Bystander Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (BCPR) during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Review

Muhammad Fattah Fazel, Mohamad Haiqal Nizar Mohamad, Mohd Azmani Sahar, Norsham Juliana, Izuddin Fahmy Abu, Srijit Das

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Early cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a strong link in the of survival for sudden cardiac arrest. Hence, bystander CPR (BPCR) plays an important role in curbing mortality and morbidity from out-of-hospital sudden cardiac arrest. However, the recent global Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has impacted both public training and confidence in performing out-of-hospital CPR. This paper reviews detailed information from databases including Google Scholar, Scopus, PubMed and Web of Science on the readiness of BCPR during the pandemic. We also discussed the challenges bystanders encountered during the COVID-19 pandemic and the precautions to follow. Finally, we also highlighted the limitations which would benefit future endeavours in establishing well-planned and sustainable CPR training programs for the public. Therefore, regardless of the existing COVID-19 pandemic, BCPR must be emphasised to curb out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) mortality.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10968
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2 2022


  • COVID-19
  • CPR
  • OHCA
  • bystander CPR
  • cardiac arrest
  • pandemic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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