Psychological and sleep-related factors among quarantined Omani students returning from abroad

Ameena Al Mukhaini, Salim Al-Huseini*, Said Al Kaabi, Moon Fai Chan, Rola Al Balushi, Shyam S. Ganguly, Samir Al-Adawi, Huda Anwar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Background: One of the many repercussions from the COVID-19 pandemic has been stress. The death toll from the pandemic, as well as sleep loss, have been noted to be the root causes of COVID-19 related stress and distress among students in the Arabian Gulf countries. Aims: This study aimed to examine the relationship between self-reported sleeping problems and the socio-demographic, clinical and lifestyle factors among quarantined Omani students arriving from abroad Methods: This was a cross-sectional analytical study conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic, from April 1-10 2020. The participants were all Omani students who had arrived from abroad during the pandemic. The outcome measures consisted of the Athens Insomnia Scale (AIS) and the Generalized Anxiety Disorder -7 (GAD-7), as well as relevant socio-demographic, clinical, and lifestyle factors. Result: A total of 376 participants were included in this study with 49.5% (n = 186) noted to be suffering from insomnia. Multivariate logistic analysis suggested that female students were 2.4 times (odds ratio [OR] = 2.43; confidence interval [CI]: 1.50-3.93; P <.001) more likely to suffer from insomnia when compared to male students. Conclusion: Almost half of the participants self-reported sleeping problems, with a higher prevalence among female students. Further studies are needed to confirm these findings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1273-1284
Number of pages12
JournalBiological Rhythm Research
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Apr 28 2021


  • covid-19
  • generalized anxiety disorder
  • oman
  • quarantine
  • Self-reported sleeping problems
  • students

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)


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