Prevention of Postoperative Adhesion Bands by Alkali-treated Cellulosic Luffa Fibers

Fatemeh Jamshidi-Adegani, Saeid Vakilian, Juhaina Al-Kindi, Shahla Alghatrifi, Ghadeer Al-Sulaimi, Zamzam Al-Tubi, Muhammad U. Anwar, Nasar Al-Wahaibi, Asem Shalaby, Khamis Al-Riyami, Issa Al-Amri, Hamad Al-Riyami, Ahmed Al-Harrasi*, Sulaiman Al-Hashmi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The formation of postsurgical intra-abdomen adhesion bands can cause severe complications. The luffa fibers were alkali treated to produce the desire hydrophobic and microfibrous structure. The scanning electron microscope and X-ray diffraction results have demonstrated that this treatment furnished a fine and hydrophobic fibrous structure. Moreover, the crystallinity of luffa increased from 17.4% to 63.32% by alkali treatment. Moreover, the in vivo results represented a significant reduction of inflammatory cells and adhesion bands after one week of luffa fibers implantation. These results suggest that the luffa fibers have the potential to act as a barrier for prevention of adhesion bands.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)559-567
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Natural Fibers
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Adhesion bands
  • abdominal adhesion
  • alkali treatment
  • cellulose
  • fiber
  • luffa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)


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