Prevalence of human papilloma virus in Oman: Genotypes 82 and 68 are dominating

Zainab Al-Lawati, Faryal A. Khamis, Aisha Al-Hamdani, Moza Al-Kalbani, Fatma Ali Ramadhan, Thuria Rashid Al-Rawahi, Muhannad F. Al-Kobaisi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Persistent infection with high-risk (HR) HPV genotypes has been associated with cervical cancer, the third cancer affecting women in Oman with a crude incidence rate of 4.7 and mortality rate of 2.5 respectively. Other types of lower-risk (LR) HPV are associated with warts in both genders worldwide. Objectives: To assess the prevalence and genotype distribution of HPV and the risk factors among women with normal and abnormal cytology. Methods: A cross sectional study conducted between September 2014 and April 2015. 258 cervical samples were obtained from women aged 18–68 years attending the Gynaecology Out-patient Clinic. HPV genotyping was performed using a multiplex real time-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay. Results: 22 different HPV genotypes were detected in 46 women (17.8%) and included 15 HR and 7 LR genotypes. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients (P = 0.052) and oral contraceptives users (P = 0.016) showed significant association with HPV infection. Conclusion: The most frequently observed HPV types were HR HPV 82 and LR HPV 54. These findings show that the predominant HPV genotypes in Oman are different from those seen in worldwide studies. This finding is important to determine the potential impact of preventive measures especially new vaccines to reduce the burden of cervical cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22-27
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Infectious Diseases
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2020


  • Abnormal cervical cytology
  • Genotypes
  • HPV prevalence
  • High risk HPV
  • Low risk HPV
  • Normal cervical cytology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases


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