Prevalence of depressive symptoms among university students in Oman

Zakiya Al-Busaidi*, Kamlesh Bhargava, Aida Al-Ismaily, Hadia Al-Lawati, Rahma Al-Kindi, Mohammad Al-Shafaee, Abdullah Al-Maniri

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: To study the prevalence of depressive symptoms and its association with gender, academic year, and college among university students in Oman. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among Omani students attending the students' clinic of the Sultan Qaboos University (SQU). A systematic sampling of students, males and females, from different colleges, who visited the clinic during the study period, was carried out. The self-administered Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) was used to screen for propensity to depression. Results: A total of 481 students participated in the study (243 males and 238 females). Overall, 133 (27.7%) of the participants (66 males and 67 females) had depression of various grades based on the PHQ-9 diagnostic criteria using a cut point of more than 11. Depression score at the cut point of 11 was not statistically associated with gender, college and the academic year. Conclusion: Tendency for depression might be a common health problem among college students in Oman attending primary health care facilities. Further research on socio-demographic characteristics and the effect of depression on the academic performance is needed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)235-239
Number of pages5
JournalOman Medical Journal
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2011


  • Affective disorders
  • Depression
  • Oman
  • PHQ-9
  • Prevalence
  • SQU
  • University students

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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