Prevalence of Congenital Uterine Anomalies and Tubal Blockage in Infertile Omani Women: A Retrospective Study

Halima Albalushi*, Ali Ba-Alawi, Ruqaiya Aljabri, Maha Al Khaduri

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Objectives: Congenital uterine anomalies (CUAs) occur because of malformation of the female genital tract at any stage of the Müllerian duct development process. This retrospective study investigated the prevalence of CUAs and tubal blockage in infertile Omani women who underwent a hysterosalpingogram procedure as part of the evaluation of infertility. Methods: The radiographic reports of patients aged 19–48 years who underwent hysterosalpingogram as part of infertility evaluation during the 2013–2018 period, were collected and analyzed for the presence and the type of CUAs. Results: The records of N = 912 patients were evaluated, 44.3% of whom had been investigated for primary infertility and 55.7% for secondary infertility. Patients with primary infertility were significantly younger than those with secondary infertility. Of the 27 (3.0%) patients who were found to have CUAs, 19 had arcuate uterus. No correlation was found between the type of infertility and the CUAs. Conclusions: CUAs were prevalent in 3.0% of the cohort, most of whom were diagnosed with arcuate uterus.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere463
Pages (from-to)e463
JournalOman Medical Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 31 2023


  • Hysterosalpingography
  • Infertility
  • Oman
  • Uterine Anomalies
  • Uterus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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