Prediction of deep eutectic solvents densities at different temperatures

K. Shahbaz, F. S. Mjalli, M. A. Hashim, I. M. Alnashef

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

203 Citations (Scopus)


Predicting densities of nonconventional solvents like deep eutectic solvents (DESs) as a function of temperature is of considerable importance in the development and design of new processes utilizing these solvents. Because of the nature of bonding existing between the salt and the hydrogen bond donor, conventional methods result in very large deviations. In this study, the density of DESs based on three different salts was estimated using empirical method. Nine different salts:hydrogen bond donor combinations were selected to test this method. The densities of all DESs were measured at a temperature range (298.15-368.1 K). The critical properties of salt and hydrogen bond donor were estimated using the Modified Lydersen-Joback-Reid method, while that of the mixture were calculated using Lee-Kesler equation. The Rackett equation modified by Spencer and Danner was employed to predict the DES density. The values of measured and predicted densities were compared and the average of absolute relative error percentage (ARPE) for all DESs was found to be 1.9%. The effect of salt to HBD molar ratio on ARPE in predicted DESs densities was also investigated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-72
Number of pages6
JournalThermochimica Acta
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 10 2011


  • Deep eutectic solvents
  • Density prediction
  • Group contribution
  • Hydrogen bond donor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Prediction of deep eutectic solvents densities at different temperatures'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this