PIV/PLIF Study of Impinging Jet Ozone Bubble Column with Mixing Nozzles

Mahad S. Baawain, Mohamed Gamal El-Din, Daniel W. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


This paper introduces the results obtained from a particle image velocimetry/planer laser-induced fluorescence (PIV/PLIF) system used in characterizing an impinging jet ozone bubble column with mixing nozzles. This research aims at evaluating the mixing effect resulting from the nozzle diffusers attached to the outlets of the impinging jets' injectors. The PIV system was used to study the flow patterns of the liquid and gas phases under different superficial gas and liquid velocities (uG and uL, respectively) values (from 0.002 to 0.017 m/s and from 0.008 to 0.024 m/s, respectively). Furthermore, a particle dynamics analyzer (PDA) system was used to characterize the bubble sizes under the same operating conditions. The PLIF system was used to determine the liquid axial dispersion coefficient (DL, m2/s) for the mentioned range of operating conditions. The column average gas hold-up (εG) and specific interfacial area (a) were then determined in order to evaluate the column's mass transfer efficiency. The results showed that higher mass transfer rates can be obtained by using this column, as high εG, and were achieved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-112
Number of pages14
JournalOzone: Science and Engineering
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2010


  • Bubble Size
  • Gas Hold-Up
  • Impinging Jets
  • Liquid Axial Dispersion Coefficient
  • Mixing Nozzles
  • Ozone
  • Particle Dynamics Analyzer
  • Particle Image Velocimetry
  • Planer Laser-Induced Fluorescence
  • Specific Interfacial Area

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry


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