Physical and photocatalytic properties of Nd codoped (Ag, Cu)TiO2 thin films

A. Mustafa, M. Bououdina*, B. Al-Najar, T. Souier, F. Bensouici, B. Belache

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Transparent co-doped TiO2 thin films have been fabricated by sol-gel dip-coating. The doping is achieved using low concentrations of neodymium (Nd), silver (Ag), and copper (Cu). A significant effect of doping is noticed on the morphology and optical properties of thin films. XRD analysis confirms the formation of a pure anatase phase with a deterioration of the crystallinity upon doping. The co-doped TiO2 thin films present larger crystallite size compared to other films. The surface roughness revealed by AFM increases from 0.9 nm for pure TiO2 up to 5 nm for doped thin films. UV-vis spectroscopy shows that the bandgap energy slightly decreased for co-doped Ag-Nd/TiO2 and Cu-Nd/TiO2. Photocatalytic degradation of MB significantly decreases upon doping. A mechanism based on combined effects of doping, annealing and nature of substrate is proposed to explain the photodegradation behaviour.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)784-794
Number of pages11
JournalSurface Engineering
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Ag-doped TiO
  • Anatase phase
  • Cu-doped TiO
  • Nd-doped TiO
  • photocatalytic activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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