Period-prevalence and publication rate of health research productivity in seven Arabian gulf countries: Bibliometric analysis from 1996 to 2018

Yahya M. Al-Farsi*, Nawaf H. Albali, Muneera K. Alsaqabi, Mohammed Sayed, Adhra H. Al-Mawali, Samir Al-Adawi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


ABS TR ACT Objectives: Despite the worldwide increase in health research, few studies have evaluated the health research productivity in member states of the Gulf Health Council (GHC). This study solicited the period-prevalence and publication rates of health research productivity in the seven GHC countries. Methods: We searched the Scopus database for publications between 1996 and 2018 and used the SCImago Journal and Country Rank portal to obtain the relevant information. We also recorded qualitative (citation-based) and quantitative (document recount) indicators. Overall and country-specific period-prevalence and publication rates were estimated and standardized to the corresponding overall Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) population and country-specific population size. Results: Overall, 112 409 articles were enumerated during the study period. The majority (59.8%) were from Saudi Arabia, followed by UAE (11.9%). The GCC publications were associated with 1 315 778 citations, which revealed a 46.0 Hirsch-index. The period-prevalence of health publications for the overall GCC region was 1320 publications per million population over 22 years, and the publication rate estimate was 13.2 (95% confidence interval (CI): 13.1–13.3) publication per 10 000 population. The highest publication rate estimate was noted in Qatar (36.5; 95% CI: 35.8–37.3), followed by Kuwait, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, UAE, Oman, and Yemen. Conclusions: This study is the first study in the context of GCC to utilize period-prevalence and publication rates to chart health research productivity in the GCC region. Concerted efforts are required to improve the quality and quantity of the health research output in the GCC region.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere316
JournalOman Medical Journal
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2021


  • Gulf cooperation council
  • Health research
  • Period-prevalence
  • Publications

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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