Optimization of a microchannel heat sink with temperature dependent fluid properties

Afzal Husain, Kwang Yong Kim*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

103 Citations (Scopus)


The present study deals with the numerical optimization of microchannel heat sink with the help of surrogate analysis and evolutionary algorithm. Two design variables related to the microchannel depth, width and fin width are chosen and their ranges are decided through preliminary calculations of three-dimensional Navier-Stokes and energy equations. Objective functions related to the heat transfer and pressure drop i.e., thermal resistance and pumping power are formulated to analyze the performance of the heat sink. Water with temperature dependent thermal properties is used as coolant for steady, laminar fully developed flow in the silicon microchannels. Using the numerically evaluated objective function, polynomial response surface is constructed for each objective function. Evolutionary algorithm for multiobjective optimization is performed to obtain global Pareto optimal solutions. Trade off between objectives is found and analyzed with the design variables and flow constraints.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1101-1107
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Thermal Engineering
Issue number8-9
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Electronic cooling
  • Evolutionary algorithm
  • Microchannel
  • Multiobjective optimization
  • Thermal properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Optimization of a microchannel heat sink with temperature dependent fluid properties'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this