Optimization of a cationic dye desorption from a loaded-lignocellulosic biomass: Factorial design experiments and investigation ofmechanisms

Ahmed Amine Azzaz, Salah Jellali*, Mejdi Jeguirim, Latifa Bousselmi, Zohra Bengharez, Hanene Akrout

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


The sustainable management of loaded adsorbents with organic pollutants represents an important environmental challenge. The current research work investigates the regeneration process optimization of raw orange tree sawdust (ROS) loaded with methylene blue (MB) by using NaCl solutions as eluent. TheMB desorption was assessed in static mode under different process variables, notably the desorbing NaCl solution's pH and concentration and the MB-loaded biomass dose. A full factorial design composed of 24 experiments was employed to apprehend the statistical significance of each followed parameter. Experimental results showed that the maximum desorption yield was estimated to be about 82.4% for the following parameter's values: Aqueous pH A 3, [NaCl] A 0.2Mand MB-loaded-ROS dosage in the desorbing solution A 1 g L 1. The statistical study confirmed the good fit of the experimental data with the statistical model used aswell as regression and adjusted regression coefficients of about 99.0%and 96.6%, respectively.Moreover, the ranking of the effect of each studied parameter in terms of standardized effect on the desorption efficiency of MB from ROS was assessed through ANOVA test. The desorption mechanisms involved were explored by using multiple analysis techniques. It appears that the MB molecules' desorption from ROS's particles is mainly driven by a counter chemisorption process based on cationic exchange with the sodium and hydronium ions present in the desorbing solutions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalComptes Rendus Chimie
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Biomass
  • Desorption
  • Dye
  • Full factorial design
  • Reuse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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