Optimization model for designing personalized tourism packages

Sujan Piya*, Chefi Triki, Abdulwahab Al Maimani, Mahdi Mokhtarzadeh

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The tourism supply chain aims at satisfying the needs of the tourists based on their preferences. However, the preference of each tourist may be different. Some tourists prefer to optimize a single criterion, while others prefer to optimize conflicting multiple-criteria. The tourism service provider can hardly offer the tourists with the itinerary according to their precise preferences. This paper proposes a multi-objective optimization framework based on which tourists can generate itineraries according to their preferences. A mathematical model is presented, which is multi-objective and NP-hard. Consequently, four meta-heuristic algorithms, namely none-dominated sorting genetic algorithm versions II (NSGA-II) and III (NSGA-III), multi objective grey wolf optimization, and multi objective imperialist competitive algorithm are developed. The proposed method helps the tourists to compare different combinations of activities and select the one that best suits their preferences. The model is tested on a small-scale real case pertaining to the Sultanat of Oman. Thereafter, the performances of the proposed algorithms were evaluated on large scale problems. The result shows that NSGAs outperformed other algorithms. NSGA-II outperformed its NSGA-III counterpart in small instances. Surprisingly, as the size of the problem increases, the efficiency of NSGA-II decreases while that of NSGA-III increases. In large instances, NSGA-III outperformed NSGA-II.

Original languageEnglish
Article number108839
JournalComputers and Industrial Engineering
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023


  • Meta-heuristic algorithms
  • Multi-objective optimization
  • Tourism industry
  • Tourist preferences

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)

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