Nutritional significance and health benefits of omega-3, -6 and -9 fatty acids in animals

Mahmoud Alagawany*, Shaaban S. Elnesr, Mayada R. Farag, Karim El-Sabrout, Othman Alqaisi, Mahmoud A.O. Dawood, Hidayatullah Soomro, Sameh A. Abdelnour

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


The balance between omega-3 (ω-3), omega-6 (ω-6) and omega-9 (ω-9) fatty acids (FAs) is very important because these types of oils constitute essential components for the formation of the cell membrane, also they are precursors for a large number of substances in the body. One of the most important strategies for improving the increment of polyunsaturated FAs in poultry and animal meat is the dietary administration of these FAs. Additionally, the different sources of ω-3 or 6 in the diet improve the performance, public health and physiological aspects including anti-oxidative properties and immunity. ω-3 FAs have anti-inflammatory characteristics due to their ability to reduce cytokines liberation. High-level of ω-6 FAs is always associated with an increased incidence of dangerous disorders like depression and heart disease. These FAs showed a tremendous series of beneficial impacts like improved cholesterol levels and a decreased occurrence of coronary heart diseases. This article includes some information on the use of ω-3, ω-6 and ω-9 FAs in animal and human diets. These oils are vital for the physiological and health aspects, and the information mentioned here will improve our understanding of the functions and roles of these FAs in the body.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1678-1690
Number of pages13
JournalAnimal Biotechnology
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Omega-3
  • animal
  • health benefits
  • human
  • nutrition
  • omega-6
  • omega-9

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Animal Science and Zoology


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