Negotiation Level Between the EU and the GCC

M. Cuneyt Yenigun*, Hani Albasoos, Gubara Said Hassan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


EU-GCC1 relations started thirty years ago, but proceeded very slowly. After the first agreement between the two institutions in 1998, the EU transformed, the GCC slowly changed, the international system dramatically converted and rules between two parties were amended by the ENP of the EU. Although both sides need each other, obstinate policies caused cessation of relations several times. According to some scholars, the GCC is becoming a periphery region for them, however the GCC still needs the EU as a first market in total trade. Bilateralism, cultural differences, the GCC’s loose integration and lack of EU leverage in the Gulf could be lined up as some reasons for the non-progressive relations. Recent developments such as Trump’s election, Brexit, the Qatar crisis, 5+1 Iran Nuclear Deal and Russia’s growing interest to the Gulf are affecting EU-GCC relations negatively. In this study, historical and recent developments and their effects on the EUGCC relations were examined; and lastly some alternative solutions are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Article number8
Pages (from-to)65-75
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Innovation, Creativity and Change
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)


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