Nature of bacteria found on some wards in Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Oman

B. C. Nzeako*, H. Al Daughari, Z. Al Lamki, O. Al Rawas

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


This study aims to determine what objects lying in the hospital environment or brought in from outside contribute to the introduction of bacteria associated with nosocomial infections. One hundred swab specimens collected from children's toys, sinks, door handles, telephone handsets and flowers brought into the hospital were plated on different culture media. Colonial growth on the media was purified and identified subsequently using standard bacteriological methods. Of the 100 samples cultured, 61 (61%) grew a range of bacteria including Pseudomonas aeruginosa (n=14, 23.0%), Acinetobacter spp. (n=13,21.3%), Serratia spp. (n=9,14.7%), Staphylococcus epidermidis (n=9, 14.7%), Stenotrophamonas maltophilia (n=4, 6.6%), Staphylococcus aureus (n=4, 6.6%), Enterobacter cloacae (n=3, 4.9%), Pantoea sp. (n=2, 3.3%), Chryseobacterium sp. (n=2, 3.3%) and Klebsiella pneumoniae (n=1, 1.6%). Although all the Serratia, Enterobacter, Klebsiella and Pantoea species isolates showed varying degrees of resistance to gentamicin, ceftriaxone, cefuroxime and cefotaxime, all were resistant to ampicillin. Chryseobacterium and Stenotrophomonas species isolates were resistant to amikacin, imipenem, gentamicin and ceftazidime, to which only three isolates of Pseudomonas species were resistant. All the staphylococcal isolates were susceptible to methicillin. Although there has been no major outbreak of a nosocomial infection in the hospital, it is strongly recommended that effective control measures (e.g., sampling the hospital water supply, disinfecting children's toys, use of appropriate hand washing and checking some of the disinfectants for presence of bacteria) are needed. These measures are necessary to ensure that the antibiotic-resistant strains identified in this study are not allowed to spread in the hospital.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-58
Number of pages4
JournalBritish Journal of Biomedical Science
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2006


  • Antibiotics
  • Cross infection
  • Hospitals
  • Infection control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases


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