Multi-carrier Visible Light Communication System Using Enhanced Sub-carrier Index Modulation and Discrete Wavelet Transform

Arslan Khalid*, Faizan Rashid, Umair Tahir, Hafiz Muhammad Asif, Fadi Al-Turjman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


This work is aimed at providing a novel design of the Visible Light Communication (VLC) system that uses the Multi-Carrier Code-Division Multiple Access (MC-CDMA) technique to send and receive data through intensity-modulated/direct detected (IM/DD) VLC channel. The state-of-the-art framework of Enhanced Sub-Carrier Index Modulation (ESIM) is utilized to reduce the inherent peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR) in Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing. Additionally, the use of cyclic prefix is omitted through the Discrete Wavelet Transform in the current system. Hence, the performance of the system is optimized in terms of PAPR, Bit Error Rate (BER), and data rate. The work presents the closed-form BER expressions for both conventional and proposed techniques in line-of-sight VLC channel. Correspondingly, the simulation programs are also executed to compared the proposed ESIM based WT-MC-CDMA system with both existing systems followed by an analysis of the results. Simulation results show the superior performance of the proposed system compared to existing systems.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-29
Number of pages29
JournalWireless Personal Communications
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 13 2021


  • BER
  • CCDF
  • DFT
  • DWT
  • LED
  • PAPR

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications

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