Monitoring of electromagnetic radiation from cellular base stations in Kuwait

A. H. Al-Otaibi*, D. Al-Ajmi, T. Williams, D. McGee, J. A. Dennis, M. U. Beg

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


A survey of the radio frequency electromagnetic environment in Kuwait was carried out. The primary purpose of this survey was to monitor electromagnetic radiation (EMR) field strength levels emitted by cellular base stations installed and operated by the Kuwait Mobile Telecommunications Company (MTC). Measurements were made at 26 cellular-phone base stations, chosen as a representative sample to include 14 school sites, 2 residential sites, 2 hospital sites, 3 ministerial building sites, 3 commercial sites and 1 typical stand-alone site. On all the selected sites measurements were made with a spectrum analyser to determine the emission level in the frequency bands used by the base station transmitters (917-960 MHz). The results indicated that total held strength, specifically due to the MTC base stations, found in public access areas, varied generally between 0.05 and 1.13 V.m-1. These values are in the order of between 40 and 800 times lower than the new pan-European CENELEC pre-standard ENV 50166-2 'Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields'. In terms of power density the highest observed value (0.34 μ W.m-2) was more than a thousand times below the prescribed standards.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)397-404
Number of pages8
JournalRadiation Protection Dosimetry
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiation
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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