Modeling governance and water pollution using the institutional ecological economic framework

Azmat Gani*, Frank Scrimgeour

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)


This paper investigates the effect of governance on levels of water pollution for all industrial activities as well as by some specific industry category in a sample of OECD economies. Using an institutional ecological economic conceptual framework, the effects of several measures of governance are empirically examined. Our findings reveal that the rule of law, regulatory quality, control of corruption, government effectiveness and voice and accountability are negatively and statistically significantly correlated with water pollution across all industrial activities as well as specific industry groups. We conclude that governance matters for mitigating industrial water pollution. This novel paper adds to the existing literature on industrial water pollution by developing a modeling approach that empirically examines questions that have so far not been explored in institutional ecological economics and demonstrates the importance of the framework for addressing real life ecological problems that are common across the world. Policy implications are drawn.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)363-372
Number of pages10
JournalEconomic Modelling
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2014


  • Governance
  • Industry
  • Institutions
  • OECD countries
  • Water pollution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics


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