Modeling Dispersion of Brine Discharges from Multiple Desalination Outfalls

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)


Discharging brine effluents through long sea outfalls are an economic disposal strategy for coastal seawater desalination plants. The interactions of two or more brine discharge plumes are expected as many desalination outfalls often tend to be closely clustered together along open coastlines. A far field mathematical model using a two-dimensional advection diffusion equation in a highly simplified flat seabed is presented to study the dispersion and merging of brine discharge plumes in shallow coastal waters. The analytical solutions are illustrated graphically by plotting contours of concentration to replicate the overlapping plumes following discharges from multiple desalination outfalls. To assess the potential environmental impacts, the radius and the concentration at the end of the allocated mixing zone around the outfall are formulated. The compounded concentration at the edge of the regulatory mixing zone is then used as a measure for assessing the effectiveness of multiport diffusers over the single (port) outfall discharge. It is found that the modern engineering practice which installs a multiport diffuser at the end of the outfall pipe does minimize the impacts.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWater Resources in Arid Areas: The Way Forward
PublisherSpringer, Cham
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-51856-5
ISBN (Print)978-3-319-51855-8
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Publication series

NameSpringer Water
ISSN (Print)2364-6934
ISSN (Electronic)2364-8198


  • Environmental impact assessment
  • Flat seabed
  • Mathematical model
  • Multiport diffuser
  • Regulatory mixing zone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science
  • Oceanography
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Water Science and Technology


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