Middle East consensus recommendations on the use of young child formula (YCF) in toddlers

Mohammed Al-Biltagi*, Wafaa Faysal, Fatoumah Alabdulrazzaq, Hassan Alsabea, Ziad Bassil, Fadi Chamseddine, Imad Chokr, Ahmed El-Beleidy, Mostafa Ezzat, Antoine Farrah, Mohammad Mizyed, Ashraf Othman Saleh Sayed, Hussam Abu Talib, Yasser Wali

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


The transition of foods during toddlerhood and the suboptimal diets consumed in the Middle East make children susceptible to malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies. Based on international recommendations, coupled with the merits of clinical studies on the application of young child formula (YCF), a group of fourteen experts from the Middle East reached a consensus on improving the nutritional status of toddlers. The recommendations put forth by the expert panel comprised twelve statements related to the relevance of YCF in young children; the impact of YCF on their nutritional parameters and functional outcomes; characteristics of the currently available YCF and its ideal composition; strategies to supply adequate nutrition in young children and educational needs of parents and healthcare professionals (HCPs). This consensus aims to serve as a guide to HCPs and parents, focusing on improving the nutritional balance in toddlers in the Middle Eastern region. The panellists considere YCF to be one of the potential solutions to improve the nutritional status of young children in the region. Other strategies to improve the nutritional status of young children include fortified cow's milk and cereals, vitamin and mineral supplements, early introduction of meat and fish, and the inclusion of diverse foods in children's diets.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere53
JournalJournal of Nutritional Science
Publication statusPublished - Jul 8 2022


  • Diet
  • Macronutrients
  • Malnutrition
  • Micronutrients
  • Vitamin D deficiency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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